When the fertilized egg settles in the uterus, it is always a miracle of nature. What exactly happens to your body, whether you feel the implantation or can influence the process, you will learn here.
Your desire for children is great and you want to get pregnant? Did you know that in addition to ovulation and egg fertilization, implantation, also called nidation, is an essential prerequisite for pregnancy? It occurs about five to ten days after fertilization. Then the body is signaled by different hormones: Hey, you’re pregnant! This is mainly the pregnancy hormone HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) responsible.
This happens after fertilization:
The fertilized egg cell – also called zygote – makes its way through the fallopian tubes on the way in the uterus.
She is supported on her way from the cilia, which push the egg vigorously forward.
At the same time, however, the fertilized egg cell develops rapidly and divides several times. First of all, in two identical cells. This is repeated approximately every 12 hours so that the small germ three days after fertilization already consists of 32 cells.
About four days after fertilization, the fertilized egg reaches the uterine cavity.
There the zygote divides into two halves: out of the outer cells forms the mothering cake, from the inner the embryo. At this stage, the embryo is called blastocyst.
Now the blastocyst seeks out the best place in the uterine lining for implantation and the oocyte half, from which the cakes are made, connects to the uterus.
Once the Nidation works, hormones are released that tell our body: Watch out! You’re pregnant.
If despite fertilization, there is no implantation of the blastocyst, this is called an early exit. The ovum is then eliminated with the next menstrual period. Therefore, women usually do not notice anything about fertilization.
Recognition of implantation: Typical signs that it worked
Scientifically, there are no proven signs that it has worked with the Nidation. While many women initially do not perceive any changes in themselves, others report that they clearly felt the process of implantation. Especially women who plan to have children, know their cycle very well or use NFP, find the following symptoms :
Many women report a tearing in the abdomen around the time of nidation. This could be a slight implantation pain. But do not worry, the implantation does not really hurt. It is rather the typical feeling in the abdomen that most women feel every now and then during their cycle, often as the first sign of the approaching period. The nasal pain usually occurs about 6 to 10 days after fertilization.
Nidation bleeding (Nidationsblutung)
Some women observe a very slight, bright hemorrhage, which greatly unsettles many couples wishing to have children. But do not worry, this minimal bleeding is completely safe. The reason for this is injuries to the uterine lining due to implantation. But they are usually so minimal that only a few drops of blood escape. In contrast to the more brownish menstruation, the bleeding is light red.
Nonetheless, neither pains in recovery nor bleeding from the bleeding are clear evidence that it really worked with the Nidation, as these symptoms often occur before the period begins. However, if the egg has made itself comfortable in the uterine wall and the hormone production is already in full swing, you may soon notice the first typical signs of pregnancy on you.
Implantation: HCG and progesterone adjust your body for pregnancy
Once the implantation works, your body is already fully prepared for pregnancy before you even notice it. The early placenta cells produce the pregnancy hormone HCG, which signals to the ovaries and pituitary gland: please do not ovulate next month. In addition, the ovaries now increasingly produce the hormone progesterone. This, in turn, ensures that the uterine lining is not degraded. Ten to eleven days after fertilization of the egg cell, the embryo and mother are connected via blood vessels.
Can I support the implantation?
Just as with fertilization, there is no magic formula, so it really works after ovulation and fertilization with the implantation. Yet you can positively influence your body by being good to yourself. Avoid stress, less alcohol, no cigarettes and sufficient exercise, healthy eating and taking folic acid are just a few tips that you should consider when choosing to have a baby. Well, that’s good. Your own well-being has a great influence on your cycle. And the more regular it is, the faster it can work out with the pregnancy
When exactly does the pregnancy begin?
Logically, the ovum must first be fertilized after ovulation, so that the desire to have a baby can come true. It is not completely agreed whether a pregnancy starts with fertilization or first with implantation. In order for an embryo to develop, implantation in the uterus is indispensable. From a purely mathematical point of view, the first week of pregnancy even starts earlier, namely with the first day of the last period and lasts until the calculated date of birth, about 40 weeks.
The signs of pregnancy begin
Many women feel very early that they are pregnant. Especially if you know your body well. Not infrequently, the typical signs of pregnancy occur, such as nausea, fatigue or sore breasts. If the menstrual period then stops, the implantation of the ovum in the uterus has most likely worked out. But you can only be really sure with a positive pregnancy test or a doctor’s examination.