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May my child buy what he wants from pocket money? Does it require my permission for the tattoo? And is there really a law that requires his help in the household? (Yes, there are! 👍)
Parents have a legal obligation to supervise their children, but this question is based on the maturity of the child. Fixed age limits from which a child can stay alone at home, so it is not. If parents are sure that their child is reasonable enough to stay alone at home, they can start with short absences – and gradually increase them.
From the age of seven children are allowed to buy what they want, if they – so the pocket money paragraph § 110 BGB – pay with money, which is at their free disposal. In principle, children are allowed to buy what they want with their pocket money.
However, things are different with things covered by the Youth Protection Act. Even expensive purchases are not subject to the rule of the “pocket money paragraph” and can therefore be ineffective without the permission of the parents. A Playstation, a pony, installment purchases or subscriptions can not be easily bought by the offspring – or are such purchases ineffective if the parents have not allowed.
Also purchases such as pets, the follow-up costs , are never effective without parents' permission. Apart from that, § () c of the Animal Welfare Act states that vertebrates without the consent of the legal guardians to children or adolescents until the 16.
Children are not entitled to pocket money. Only the right to maintenance is regulated by law. As long as the children are minors and live with their parents, this claim is limited to so-called “natural maintenance”, ie food, clothing, toys and leisure activities.
Did you know? “The child is, as long as it belongs to the parental household and is educated or entertained by the parents, obliged to serve the parents in their household and business in a manner appropriate to his or her position of life,” says Paragraph § 1619 of the Civil Code (BGB).
And what does that mean concretely? “Which tasks the offspring has to undertake is always a question of age, maturity and individual physical and mental ability,” said the legal experts of ARAG. Also, learning and playing is more important than washing up and takes precedence. So there must always be enough time for school and leisure time activities ( Please also read our expert interview How do I get my child to help in the household? ).
Children, like adults, have a right to privacy. This is anchored in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Smaller children should still not be allowed to complete their room, as the parents can not enter the room in case of emergency. For older children, it depends on the individual case. If parents are reasonably concerned that their child is at risk – for example, through drugs or internet use – they may request that the room remains unlocked. Incidentally, the secrecy of correspondence also applies to children. Letters for the children should not be opened by the parents – as well as vice versa. Of course, this does not apply until an age when the children can read their mail.
If you are allowed to enter the house, the parents decide that you have the house right.
That depends what the offspring is up to. This question is regulated by the Youth Protection Act, which is quite complex. Here is a first overview: Children and adolescents under (*) * , Teenagers from () Stay watch. Then they have to go home – even if an adult friend accompanies them. Teenagers are only allowed off (*) and then only until (). Younger people are only allowed in if an educational person accompanies them. To attend a concert always the permission of their parents. In the cinema the following rules apply: Children under 16 years may only attend performances that have ended until () years only those that go to The show must be finished. If an educational officer is present, these limits do not apply. ( You want to know more? At the Ministry of Family Affairs you can download a brochure .
Young people from alcoholic beverages. Smoking is completely forbidden to children and adolescents in public. Tobacco can not be sold to them.
No The legal situation is spongy, but the piercing of piercings or tattoos is legally regarded as bodily harm. Therefore, a child should not be pierced or tattooed without written consent or without the presence of the parents – many studios reject that anyway, because they do not want trouble.
Parents are obliged to educate their children take care of. If children keep their grades away from their parents, they have the right and the obligation to contact the teachers.
Alright, now? Without parental consent, young people are not allowed to move out of their homes. According to § 1631 BGB parents have the right to determine where the child lives. A rental agreement concluded by the young person would not be effective anyway without the permission of the parents.
What rights and obligations does my child have? evening movie? Can I actually buy what I want from my money? And may I move out if I'm fed up with you? Parents find themselves again and again the situations in which they have to decide things in which the legislature has a say. Good to know what is allowed and what is not. Here are 11 facts that will help you.
Sources: ARAG, Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Stiftung Warentest, Wikipedia