The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a report in which it makes a recommendation on the age at which children move, sleep and how much they should watch television. An overview.
WHO regularly provides recommendations on how people can protect and promote their health and that of their children. The latest WHO report focuses on the behavioral, television and sleeping behavior of infants and toddlers.
“Early childhood is a period in which body and cognition are developing rapidly and a time when children’s habits are shaping and family life is open to change and adaptation,” the WHO writes. The aim should be to avoid overweight and the resulting sequelae in children around the world.
Avoid overweight, promote health
The recommendations result from the analysis of numerous studies around the topic health of infants. Above all, three aspects were examined:
- Movement: this includes crawling, walking, running, jumping, climbing, dancing, cycling
- Sleep: a prerequisite for physical and mental development
- Television / Sitting Behavior: can restrict development and prevent children from exercising
But at what age, according to the WHO, should children now move, sleep and how much may they watch TV? An overview:
Children under one year:
- Exercise: at least 30 minutes a day, eg by interacting with the parents (if they can not crawl, they should lie on their stomach during this time)
- Sleep: sleep 14 to 17 hours per day for up to three months; Sleeping for 12 to 16 hours for four to eleven months
- Television / sitting behavior: not at all; In addition, the children should not sit more than one hour at a time per day in stroller, harness and Co.
Children between one and two years:
- Exercise: at least 180 minutes per day (three hours); They can also come out of breath
- Sleep: eleven to 14 hours a day (including nap); Sleep and waking times should be regulated as much as possible
- Television / sitting behavior: not at all; when the child is sitting (at best less than an hour a day), it should be entertained with books or stories, not with screens
Children between three and four years:
- Exercise: at least 180 minutes per day; of which at least 60 minutes of strenuous exercise (eg swimming, cycling, running, ball games)
- Sleep: 10 to 13 hours per day (optional with afternoon nap); regular sleep times should be respected
- Television / sitting behavior: maximum one hour per day; Instead of TV, computer and mobile, WHO recommends books, entertainment and storytelling